An estimated 48 million Americans suffer from some form of hearing loss – most of them older adults. According to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, approximately one-third of people 65 to 74 report having difficulty hearing, and this number increases until the age of 75.
There is increasing evidence that untreated hearing loss is an important national health concern, and studies have linked it to other serious health problems, including depression, memory and concentration declines, and perhaps dementia.
Causes of Hearing Loss
The most common type of hearing loss, called senatorial, often damages the small hair cells that line the inner ear. These cells convert the incoming sound waves into electrical signals which are then locked into the brain. The brain interprets the signals as meaningful sounds.
Chronic exposures to aging and loud noises are the most common causes of harm, but some medications, illnesses, and a family history of hearing loss may also increase your risk.
Although censoriousness hearing loss is often not reversible, it can be managed with hearing aids, which selectively amplify the sound. Only cases of severe hearing loss or hearing loss in one ear can be managed with cochlear implants, which electrically stimulate the auditory nerve by bypassing the damaged parts of the auditory system.
Conductive hearing loss
It is less common and often occurs as a result of a physical blockage or a malfunction in the middle or outer ear. An infection can cause fluid buildup in the middle ear, fluid buildup, and some disorders prevent the sound from reaching the inner ear and brain.
Corrective surgery usually restores hearing, removing wax buildup in the outer ear, treating middle ear infections, and in case of deformity. If not, a hearing aid can be used.
Older adults sometimes have a mixture of both types of harm. For example, age-related hearing loss plus wax in the middle ear may interfere with sound conduction to the inner ear.
Understanding Hearing Aids
Once the hair cells in the inner ear are dead, no one brings them back. But hearing aids can greatly improve hearing ability by making sounds easier to hear and hear.
Hearing aids have a microphone to pick up the sound, an amplifier to make the sound louder, and a receiver that sends the sound to the ear canal. In modern digital aids, microphones transmit the sound to a computer chip, which adjusts the volume and increases the sound frequencies needed to help improve their hearing. (Although analog aids are less common and less complex than digital aids, they have advantages including less advanced features. This can make them more user-friendly.)
A hearing professional can perform a digital assist program to filter out wind and other background noise, as well as fix the aid to match your specific hearing loss pattern. More and more models can sync wireless with your smartphone, allowing you to take calls, stream audio, and even adjust your help settings using an app.
The right hearing aid for you depends on many factors, including the type and severity of your hearing loss, your lifestyle, and your manual dexterity. However, a hearing aid that one person prefers may not work for someone else, even if they both have roughly the same audio-gram (charts that show the degree of hearing loss for low-medium, and high-sounds). .
Most hearing aids never completely remove background noise and will only allow you to listen to the person or people. “It’s going to bring people back to hearing, but the way we process sound, it’s not going to bring them back to normal hearing,” said audiologist Patricia Chute, eds., Educational Affairs in Dalton. Provost and vice president for. State College in Dalton.
And even within the same brand, there can be multiple versions of a given model. Such variation makes the comparison of hearing aid models and brands very challenging.
Tuning in hearing aid types
Digital hearing aids come in five major styles and are worn or worn in the ears. In spring 2018 we asked over 122,000 Consumer Reports members about their experiences with hearing loss and hearing aids. Most (71 percent) of the ears behind the hearing were of the instrument type and depends on Hearing Aid price .
- Mini-Behind-the-Ear Hearing Aid (mBTE)
- Traditional Behind-the-Ear Hearing Aid (BTE)
- Completely-in-the-Canal Hearing Aid (CIC)
- In-the-Canal Hearing Aid (ITC)
- Traditional In-the-Ear Hearing Aid (ITE)